References in biophysics



Physics-biology interface

Physical biology: special issue

Perspectives on working at the physics-biology interface

"Perspectives on theory at the interface of physics and biology", Bialek, Reports on Progress in Physics (2018)

“Biological Physics", Frauenfelder et al., Reviews of Modern Physics (1999)

"The biological frontier of physics", Phillips & Quake, Physics Today (2006)

"The great ideas of biology", Nurse, Clinical medicine (2003)

"Napoleon Is in Equilibrium", Phillips, Annual Review of Condensed Matter Physics (2015)

"Physics, Computation, and Why Biology Looks so Different", Hopfield, Journal of Theoretical Biology (1994)

"Quantitative cell biology: the essential role of theory", Howard, Mol. Biol. Cell (2014)

Sensing and signaling


Cellular structures and processes

"A Glossary of Cellular Components", Wingreen, Physics Today (2006)

"The cytoskeleton: I-beams of the cell", Shaevitz & Nørrelykke, Physics Today (2010)

"Modeling protein synthesis from a physicist’s perspective: A toy model", Basu & Chowdhury, American Journal of Physics (2007)

"Molecules into cells: specifying spatial architecture.", Harold, Microbiology and molecular biology reviews : MMBR (2005)

"Cell mechanics and the cytoskeleton", Fletcher & Mullins, Nature (2010)

Order of magnitude estimates

"The quantified cell", Flamholz et al., Mol. Biol. Cell (2014)

"A feeling for the numbers in biology.", Phillips & Milo, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (2009)

"SnapShot: Key Numbers in Biology", Moran et al., Cell (2010)

"BioNumbers—the database of key numbers in molecular and cell biology", Milo et al., Nucl. Acids Res. (2010)

"How fast do living organisms move: Maximum speeds from bacteria to elephants and whales", Meyer-Vernet & Rospars, American Journal of Physics (2015)

"Newtonian mechanics and the human body: Some estimates of performance", Lin, American Journal of Physics (1978)

"The smallest clock", Pesic, Eur. J. Phys. (1993)

"What size should a bacterium be? A Question of Scale", Koch, Annual Review of Microbiology (1996)


"Introduction to the Thermodynamics of Biopolymer Growth", Kittel, American Journal of Physics (1972)


"The geometry of soft materials: a primer", Kamien, Reviews of Modern Physics (2002)

"Dynamics of filaments and membranes in a viscous fluid", Powers, Reviews of Modern Physics (2010)

“An introduction to the statistical mechanics of fluctuating membranes", Leibler, Physics Reports (1989)

"Curvature and spatial organization in biological membranes", Parthasarathy & Groves, Soft Matter (2007)

Liquid crystals


"Biology's built-in Faraday cages", Klee, American Journal of Physics (2014)

"Electrical interactions in the cell: Asymmetric screening in a watery “antiverse”", Doerr & Yu, American Journal of Physics (2014)

Sensing and signalling

"Physics of chemoreception.", Berg & Purcell, Biophysical journal

"Probing the limits to positional information.", Gregor et al., Cell

"Physical Limit to Concentration Sensing Amid Spurious Ligands", Mora,
Phys. Rev. Lett.

"Physical limits to biochemical signaling", Bialek & Setayeshgar,
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of
America (2005)

Active processes in biology

"Statistical physics of active processes in cells", Jülicher, Physica
A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications

"Active biological materials.", Fletcher & Geissler, Annual review of
physical chemistry

"Active cellular materials", MacKintosh & Schmidt, Current Opinion in
Cell Biology (2010)

Cell motility, self-propelled particles and molecular motors

"An introduction to cell motility for the physical scientist", Fletcher
& Theriot, Phys. Biol.

"The Polymerization Motor", Theriot, Traffic

"Molecular motors and the forces they exert", Fisher & Kolomeisky,
Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications

"Molecular Motors: A Theorist's Perspective", Kolomeisky & Fisher,
Annual Review of Physical Chemistry

"Life at low Reynolds number", Purcell, American Journal of Physics

"Motile Behavior of Bacteria", Berg, Physics Today

"Brownian Motors", Astumian & Hänggi, Physics Today

"Brownian motors", Hänggi et al., Annalen der Physik

"Dance of the microswimmers", Lauga & Goldstein, Physics Today

"The physics of eukaryotic chemotaxis", Levine & Rappel, Physics Today

"Physics of Cellular Movements", Sackmann et al., Annual Review of
Condensed Matter Physics

"Stochastic mechano-chemical kinetics of molecular motors: A
multidisciplinary enterprise from a physicist’s perspective", Chowdhury,
Physics Reports

"Brownian motors: noisy transport far from equilibrium", Reimann,
Physics Reports

"Introduction to the physics of Brownian motors", Reimann & Hänggi,
Applied Physics A (2002)

Active hydrodynamics

"Generic theory of active polar gels: a paradigm for cytoskeletal
dynamics", Kruse et al., Eur. Phys. J. E

"Flocks, herds, and schools: A quantitative theory of flocking", Toner &
Tu, Physical Review E

"Collective motion", Vicsek & Zafeiris, Physics Reports

"Hydrodynamics and phases of flocks", Toner et al., Annals of Physics

"The Mechanics and Statistics of Active Matter", Ramaswamy, Annual
Review of Condensed Matter Physics

"Hydrodynamics of soft active matter", Marchetti et al., Rev. Mod.
Phys. (2013)

"Active gels as a description of the actin‐myosin cytoskeleton", Joanny
& Prost, HFSP Journal (2009)

"Active gel physics", Prost et al., Nat Phys

"Collective Hydrodynamics of Swimming Microorganisms: Living Fluids",
Koch & Subramanian, Annual Review of Fluid Mechanics


"Strange kinetics of single molecules in living cells", Barkai et al.,
Physics Today (2012)

Pattern formation

"Pattern Formation in Active Fluids", Bois et al., Physical Review
Letters (2011)

"Turing's next steps: the mechanochemical basis of morphogenesis.",
Howard et al., Nature reviews. Molecular cell biology

"Self-organization in cell biology: a brief history", Karsenti, Nature
Reviews Molecular Cell Biology

"Reaction-diffusion model as a framework for understanding biological
pattern formation.", Kondo & Miura, Science (New York, N.Y.)

The mathematics of


On Growth and Form: Geometry, Physics and

Biological networks

"Simplified Models of Biological Networks", Sneppen et al., Annual
Review of Biophysics

Geometry, packing

"The physics of phages", Gelbart & Knobler, Physics Today

"Physics of Viral Shells", Bruinsma & Klug, Annual Review of Condensed
Matter Physics

System biology

"The Physics behind Systems Biology", Radde & Hütt, EPJ Nonlinear
Biomedical Physics


"Neurons, Dynamics and Computation", Hopfield, Physics Today

Stochastic fluctuations

"Random walk models in biology", Codling et al., Journal of The Royal
Society Interface (2008)

"Bacterial decision making", Kondev, Physics Today

"Noise in biology", Tsimring, Rep. Prog. Phys.

Continuum mechanics

"The biomechanics of solids and fluids: the physics of life", Alexander,
European Journal of Physics